VOA慢速英語[教育新聞]國外高校如何應對校園性暴力?

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2015-10-22 10:14

VOA慢速英語[教育新聞]國外高校如何應對校園性暴力?

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The first year of college is usually a time to learn and have fun. Many young people enjoy the freedom of living away from home for the first time. For young women in the United States, however, it is a time when they are at high risk of experiencing a sex crime.

The U.S. Justice Department reports that American women age 18 to 24 had the highest rate of sexual assault. The study also found that university students were less likely to report such crimes than non-students. Among college women, nine out of ten knew the person who sexually assaulted them.

How Colleges Deal with Sexual Assault in Canada
In Canada, three universities recently ran a program to train female students to avoid sexual assault while in college. The two-year program was available at universities in Calgary, Alberta, and Windsor and Guelph in Ontario, Canada.

The program involved women in their first year at the schools. The students spent 12 hours learning how to judge risks, deal with emotions, and use self-defense.

The program taught students to be especially on guard at parties and other high-risk campus social events. The training taught students to attend such events together. If separated, they should check on each other periodically. They should also take extra care in their use of alcohol. At least half of the sexual assaults among college women involve drinking.

About 450 students received the training. A group of about the same size received only written information and a brief meeting with the trainers. The group that received the 12 hours of training saw an almost 50 percent drop in risk of rape.

Study investigators said there were limitations in their research. They noted that the study was designed for women. They wrote that effective interventions that target men’s behavior are also needed.

American response to campus sexual assault
In the U.S., Harvard, Rutgers and several other universities have also developed "bystander training." This means students offer help if they see someone in danger of being assaulted. The training helps students, both men and women, decide when it is safe to personally intervene and when to call the police.

Last year, President Barack Obama ordered the establishment of a task force on sexual violence at universities. The investigative group’s report advised universities to take several measures. They include methods for researching the sex crime “climate“ of the university and improving systems for reporting crimes as well as prevention programs.

The White House task force said one in five women experiences sexual assault in her college years. It has started a web site called Not Alone to give schools and students information on how to react to and prevent sexual assault.

President Obama spoke about the issue of campus sexual assault in one of his weekly broadcasts in January.

"Perhaps most important, we need to keep saying to anyone out there who has ever been assaulted: you are not alone. You will never be alone. We have your back. I’ve got your back."

Schools or educators can learn more about preventing sexual violence from the National Sexual Violence Resource Center.

I’m Jill Robbins.

文本來源于普特論壇[report整理] SENEWS-2015-06-25

進入大學的第一年通常是一段學習和玩樂的時光,許多年輕人享受著初次離家生活的自由。然而,對于美國年輕女性,她們正處于遭遇性犯罪的高風險時期。

美國司法部報告稱,美國女性被性侵的高發年齡段在18歲到24歲之間。研究還發現,相比非大學生,大學學生很少報警。女大學生中,9/10知道侵害她們的人是誰。

加拿大高校如何處理性侵事件?
加拿大的三所大學最近開展了在校培訓女大學生避免性侵的項目。這項為期兩年的項目在加拿大艾伯塔省卡爾加里大學、安大略省的溫莎大學和圭爾夫大學均有開設。

該項目針對大一女學生,她們需要花12個小時學習如何判斷風險,控制情緒并運用自衛。

該項目教育學生特別在聚會和其它高風險的學校社交活動上提高警惕。該培訓教育大學生們結伴參加此類活動,如果落單,相互間應該定期確保對方的安全;喝酒時要格外小心。至少一半以上的大學女生遭到性侵和飲酒有關。

大約有450名學生接受了培訓,大約同樣多的另一組人僅接受了書面資料并與培訓者簡短的會面。接受了12個小時培訓的大學生中遭強奸的風險下降了50%。

研究人員稱研究存在局限性,他們指出該研究針對女性,他們寫道,針對目標男性的有效干擾也是有必要的。

美國如何應對校園性侵?
在美國,哈佛、羅格斯和其他大學也開展了“旁觀者培訓“,意思是如果大學生看見有人身陷性侵困境時給予幫助。該培訓幫助男女大學生判斷何時可以安全地私人介入,何時需要報警。

去年,奧巴馬總統下令建立針對大學性侵的專案小組。該調查小組的報告建議各個大學采取措施,包括調查大學性侵風氣、完善報警體系和防范項目。

白宮專案小組稱1/5的女大學生在校遭遇過性侵。專案小組開始建立一個名叫《你不是孤單一人》的網站向學校和大學生提供如何應對及避免性侵的信息。

奧巴馬總統在一月份的每周廣播中曾提到校園性侵問題。

“也許最重要的是,我們需要不停地告訴受害人,你并不孤單,也從不孤單,我們永遠在你身邊,支持你。“

學校或教育人員可以從美國國家防止性暴力資源中心獲取更多避免性侵的信息。

我是I’m Jill Robbins.

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